Reality Escapes Her...

I'm just a clumsy, hazel-eyed girl from a small town who likes interesting pictures and inspiring quotes that help me escape reality every once in a while. I didn't take these pictures, unless otherwise noted.
SHOWCASE by alexisthewanderluster on polyvore.com

Jun 25

isrealforus:

nodaybuttodaytodefygravity:

the-manila-institute:

benedictedcumberbabeof221:

partypetunia:

pizz4s:

I swear to God if one more stupid fandom ruins a beautiful text post i am calling the police.

image

image

image

image

always reblog

(via lyzabethsay)


pewdiepiesfanblog:

unendingsongs:

bookjunkie26:

samswittyusername:

alangwiggy:

madmothmiko:

acolytejezebel:

Impossible!!

How do you even…. ?

This is the type of stage pageantry that people pay hundreds to see. Imagine how long the costume designer took intricately put into making those dresses the people behind the scene are the true heroes of theater 

The one on the right is a true work of art

THEATRE

AH YES THEATRE

(via darkanachronism)


Anonymous said: what is the series you just finished ?

I just finished My Mad Fat Diary. I really loved it! I hope it will get a third season.

Also, if you are the same person who asked me about Orphan Black, I started watching it a few days ago. I’m only a few episodes in, but I am really loving it so far. I think Tatiana Maslany is my new girl crush! She does a brilliant job of juggling all of those personalities. And I love Felix too, of course! 


Jun 24

which fictional character do i remind you of; looks and/or personality?

(via mo0n-rabbit)


theprofessorstrikesagain:

mindblowingscience:

pickledpennies:

m00nchaser:

If bees become extinct we will have exactly 4 YEARS to live on this planet. I don’t understand how “not giving a fuck” is more important than your life…

okay, I have a thing to say about this. I’m no expert on bees, but I am a biologist (and entomologist) so I think there is something I can contribute that’ll be of worth.

I agree entirely with the sentiment that we must protect honeybees. Obviously they are massively important for biodiversity, as well as pollinating food crops for humans. There is no doubt that if all the honeybees in the world were to vanish in a day that the consequences would be dire.

However, I disagree that the main cause for concern regarding honeybee death is the use of Genetically Modified (GM) crops. I’d be very interested to read a research paper that says ‘GM crops have killed millions of honeybees’, if indeed such a paper exists because in all honesty I find it highly unlikely that this is a true statement.

Let’s start with some facts about GM crops:

1. The development of GM crops is a highly regulated process, bound by strict country-specific legislature. A great number of trials are carried out long before commercial planting of a GM crop is even considered. It is these trials, and accompanying laboratory studies, that ensure a GM crop is safe to non-target organisms (such as honeybees) by investigating direct and indirect effects (Nap et al. 2003).

2. Crops that are genetically modified to express insecticidal proteins (for crop pest control) have a high level of specificity. This means that the insecticidal proteins being produced by the GM plant will only affect a narrow range of insect groups because of the chemical properties of the protein. For example, GM crops expressing insecticidal proteins sourced from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) will only target some Lepidopteran pests (caterpillars; Romeis et al. 2006). Furthermore, a recent meta-analysis of the literature found that GM Bt crops do not negatively affect the survival of adult honeybees or their larvae (Duan et al. 2008).

3. GM crops can be tailored such that the novel gene is expressed only in particular parts of the plant. For example, GM Bt rice plants express the toxin in the stems but not the grains (Datta et al. 1998). This technique means that gene expression can be excluded from the flowers/pollen of the crop plant, so that bees and other pollinators would not be affected. Neat, huh?

So those are a token few reasons why GM crops are safer than perhaps many people believe (as the result of a lot of questionable, non-scientific articles). To come back to our main point about honeybee death, I would like to briefly mention a few alternative explanations for the recent decline in honeybee populations. These are as follows:

1. Many bees have died as the result of broad-spectrum insecticide use. These are pesticides that lack specificity, and can be harmful to non-target organisms. Neonicotinoids are a well-studied example of this (Decourtye & Devillers, 2010). Not to worry, though, because many broad-spectrum pesticides including neonics are well on their way out. Indeed, the EU recently banned a large cohort of neonic pesticides. This is still a topic of controversy, mind (Goulson, 2013).

2. Many bees have died as the result of Varroa mite infestation. Imagine you’ve been bitten by several ticks, except those ticks are the size of dinner plates. That gives you an idea of the severity of a Varroa mite infestation on a single developing bee. The parasitisation of bees by Varroa mites and other parasites is often accompanied by disease transmission. This can result in colonies dying within two years after infestation (Johnson, 2011).

3. Many bees have died as the result of ‘colony collapse disorder’.  This is a phrase that has popped up a lot recently, and is basically an umbrella term for the various causes of bee death including parasite infestation, disease transmission, environmental stresses, and management stresses such as poor nutrition (Johnson, 2011). Colony collapse has been attributed to broad-spectrum pesticide use in some instances. However, it is has still been observed in countries where broad-spectrum pesticides have been withdrawn (in the EU, like I mentioned earlier; Johnson, 2011).

So those are my main points. Please excuse the bullet-point nature of this; I was trying to keep it fairly short. Not sure I managed that haha. But anyway, my take-home message is that GM crops are not the enemy when it comes to honeybee decline. If anything, bees are at much greater danger from the use of broad-spectrum pesticides and from parasites and diseases. Using GM can even help to alleviate some of the problems associated with broad-spectrum pesticides, as they greatly reduce the need to apply such chemicals (Romeis et al. 2006).

A finishing note: Do your homework. Go on google scholar and read some of the literature, making sure it is recent (within the past 10-15 years). Literature reviews are a great way to find out what the consensus is on any given topic. Don’t use popular media as your main source of information where science is concerned; they tend to favour scandal and exaggeration. You want to know what’s really going on? Check out some research articles and see for yourself.

Thanks for sticking it through to the end of this impromptu mini-essay! —Alice

References:

Datta, K., Vasquez, A., Tu, J., Torrizo, L., Alam, M. F., Oliva, N., Abrigo, E., Khush, G. S., & Datta, S. K. (1998). Constitutive and tissue-specific differential expression of the cryIA (b) gene in transgenic rice plants conferring resistance to rice insect pest. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 97(1-2), 20-30.

Decourtye, A., & Devillers, J. (2010). Ecotoxicity of neonicotinoid insecticides to bees. In Insect nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (pp. 85-95). Springer New York.

Duan, J. J., Marvier, M., Huesing, J., Dively, G., & Huang, Z. Y. (2008). A meta-analysis of effects of Bt crops on honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae). PLoS One, 3(1), e1415.

Goulson, D. (2013). Neonicotinoids and bees: What’s all the buzz?. Significance, 10(3), 6-11.

Johnson, R. (2011). Honey bee colony collapse disorder. DIANE Publishing.

Nap, J. P., Metz, P. L., Escaler, M., & Conner, A. J. (2003). The release of genetically modified crops into the environment. The Plant Journal, 33(1), 1-18.

Romeis, J., Meissle, M., & Bigler, F. (2006). Transgenic crops expressing Bacillus thuringiensis toxins and biological control. Nature biotechnology, 24(1), 63-71.

This commentary is SO important. Succinct and with proper sourcing; beautiful.

It infuriates me when people blame GMO for everything without actually examining the evidence.

*AGGRESSIVELY HIGHLIGHTS THIS ENTIRE POST*

(via darkanachronism)


Anonymous said: WHY ARE YOU SINGLE

lemuelcushing:

because i didn’t forward that chain email letter in 2004


(via lyzabethsay)


Jun 21
sapphirefiber:

tygermama:

morivan:

You know that type of laughter that starts off as a small chuckle but kinda builds up inside your throat, eventually mounting into a full blown, bent over yourself, holding your stomach as you guffaw uproariously?Yeeeep.

this should be a sculpture about the human condition entitled ‘Unbridled Optimism Meets An Uncaring Universe’

There are photos that tell a story, then there are photos that tell a story.

sapphirefiber:

tygermama:

morivan:

You know that type of laughter that starts off as a small chuckle but kinda builds up inside your throat, eventually mounting into a full blown, bent over yourself, holding your stomach as you guffaw uproariously?

Yeeeep.

this should be a sculpture about the human condition entitled ‘Unbridled Optimism Meets An Uncaring Universe’

There are photos that tell a story, then there are photos that tell a story.

(via greatwhitebear)


Jun 20
catedrals:

colorintheworksepichearts-7:

footybedsheets:

"40% of Afghanistan’s skateboarders are female.100 % of those are tough as nails. " Source: @Skateistan

now that’s kickass

THIS IS THE RADDEST PICTURE I’VE EVER SEEN ROCK THE FUCK ON

catedrals:

colorintheworksepichearts-7:

footybedsheets:

"40% of Afghanistan’s skateboarders are female.100 % of those are tough as nails. "
Source: @Skateistan

now that’s kickass

THIS IS THE RADDEST PICTURE I’VE EVER SEEN ROCK THE FUCK ON

(via zeppelinsareforworlddomination)


Jun 19

beeney:

This is the coolest thing ever

(via decayingorganicmatter)


Anonymous said: what do you think of orphan black

I am lame and haven’t seen any Orphan Black yet, but I plan on watching it very soon. I just finished another series, so hopefully I will start on OB this weekend. Ask me again in a week or two! I don’t doubt I will absolutely love it!


wetheurban:

SPOTLIGHT: Modern Remakes of Famous Paintings

The amount of feels this post gives us! We all probably know these beloved Western art masterpieces, but not like this! Here are 20 great examples of classic paintings that have been reproduced creatively by a few very creative art lovers with photo cameras.

Read More


Jun 17

Anonymous said: WHERE ARE YOU FROM? nationality?

I am American, I live in Michigan. But if you mean what is my ancestry, my mom’s side is very much Irish, and my dad’s is a bit more complicated. I’m not even sure of everything that it involves. Why do you ask?


Jun 15
blackpicture:

Izis Bidermanas Bord de Seine. Paris (1976)

blackpicture:

Izis Bidermanas
Bord de Seine. Paris (1976)

(via hotandsad95)


I will answer them if I get any.

  • A: Age.
  • B: Where I'm from.
  • C: Where I would like to live.
  • D: Favourite food.
  • E: Religion.
  • F: Sexual orientation.
  • G: Single/taken.
  • H: Favourite book.
  • I: Eye colour.
  • J: Favourite movie.
  • K: Favourite TV show.
  • L: Favourite band/singer.
  • M: Random fact about me.
  • N: Favorite day of the year.
  • O: Favourite colour.
  • P: If I have any pets; if so, their names.
  • Q: What I'm listening to right now.
  • R: Last movie I've watched.
  • S: What's my ringtone.
  • T: Favourite male character from a TV show.
  • U: Favourite female character from a TV show.
  • V: What my name means.
  • W: Favourite superhero.
  • X: Celebrity crush.
  • Y: My birthday.
  • Z: Ever self-harmed?